Women

   The place of women in society was not brought into focus until the movement for women’s liberation and suffrage in the sec ond half of the 19th century. Radical liberals and socialists were ac tive in formulating the demand for emancipation. The first woman to be admitted to a university (in 1871) and to earn her academic de gree (in medicine, at Groningen University in 1879) was Aletta Ja cobs, who played a prominent role in the international movement for universal suffrage. In 1935, the International Information Center and Archives for the Women’s Movement (IIAV) was founded in Ams terdam. In 1956, Margaretha Albertina Maria (“Marga”) Klompe be came the first female minister in a Dutch cabinet. The feministgroup Dolle Mina was active in the late 1960s.
   Like everywhere else, the women’s rights movement in the Nether lands has been slow in its progress. Since World War II, the struggle has been successful in several respects. Many discriminatory laws have been abrogated. More equal opportunities have been created for men and women. Marital power, for instance, was limited in 1956, and di vorce was extended in 1970. Through education, it is hoped, the chance has been created for equal job opportunities for women in the future, although in principle wages are currently equal for men and women. Al though more and more women are working in the professions, politics, and academia, the Netherlands still has, according to European stan dards, a relatively low (full-time) percentage of women in the labor market. Women’s studies and gender studies were introduced during the wave of “democratization” at the universities in the 1970s.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Women —    Women played an important role in traditional Scandinavian rural society, where their labor power was urgently needed and where, for example, being the mistress of a farm was a position of authority and respect. The worlds of politics,… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Women —    Women have played a vital role in the economic life of Brussels since the origins of the city. They provided a core element of the workforce in the cloth trade, and, later, in other luxury industries, notably lace production. In the 19th… …   Historical Dictionary of Brussels

  • Women —    Women in Egypt had the most secure position of females anywhere in the ancient world. During the Pharaonic Period, women were recognized as having equal legal rights as men and therefore had the right to own, inherit, and manage property and… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Women — bezeichnet: Women – for America, for the World, US amerikanischer Dokumentarfilm (1986) The Women, US amerikanische Filmkomödie (1939), siehe Die Frauen (Film) The Women – Von großen und kleinen Affären, US amerikanische Filmkomödie (2008) Diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WOMEN — s Organizational Movement For Equality Now (Miscellaneous » Funnies) * Women Opposing Men s Egotistical Nature (Miscellaneous » Funnies) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Women — Wom en, n., pl. of {Woman}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • -women — [wim′in] combining form suffix combining form pl. of WOMAN * * * …   Universalium

  • women — the plural of woman …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • women — plural of WOMAN (Cf. woman) (q.v.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • -women — [wim′in] combining form suffix combining form pl. of WOMAN …   English World dictionary

  • women — [wim′in] n. pl. of WOMAN …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.